Neither de jure, nor de facto


Gender-based discrimination problem in Armenia refers more to women, than men, experts say. The Law on Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men does not have the capacity to effectively use gender-based discrimination and is more of a declarative nature. Narine Alexanyan, candidate of jurisprudence and Gohar Shahnazaryan, Head of the Center for Gender Studies and Leadership, sociologist, discuss the topic. 

Psychological and Spiritual Assistance to Gambler


According to the NSS, the amount of gambling activities in Armenia is about $ 550 million annually. And Armenian bookmakers take bets for around 16 billion drams a month. And this is the case when official data evidence 30% poverty in Armenia. According to statistical data, up to 7 percent of gambling-affected people have pathological tendency to gambling, and about 60 percent of those are also inclined to law breaking. 20% of pathological gamblers experience a real suicide attempt. In many countries, casinos are banned, while others introduce anti-gambling programs, create services. Even the consequences of the popularity and availability of gambling business are not assessed in Armenia. 

Science Sponsered


In terms of state funding allocated to science, Armenia occupies the last spot in the region. As per the Government 2018-2020 mid-term expenditure program, state financing of science will be reduced again. Under these circumstances, those engaged in science try to cover financial issues with the help of various grant program. The National Fund for Science and Education of the Armenian Relief Fund, operating under the auspices of the US Eastern Diocese of the Armenian Church, has been providing grants to Armenian scholars for the last 18 years. What does the fund's work in the Armenian scientific environment change?

The Laws and Economy of the First Republic


The first Republic of Armenia was a parliamentary democratic state, which following its establishmend, created state government bodies at the cost of big efforts, tried to get the country out of chaos and anarchy, solve hunger and refugee issues, set up financial and economic structures, educational and cultural centers. The leaders of the First Republic worked hard to bring Armenian businessmen and intellectuals working abroad to Armenia, who wanted to enjoy independent Armenia from outside as then Prime Minister Simon Vratsyan thought. In the two and a half years of the existence of the Republic, what did the government of time create, which, according to Commissar Haskel, was a short-sighted government of teachers?

Expected and Forced State


In the winter of that year, tens of thousands of people died of starvation and disease, and dozens of factories were opened months later, with a number of vital infrastructures, cultural institutions, universities and the State Museum. Even the national currency was established. Inside the country, non-Armenian population constantly incited new provocations against the state. The Armenian army was able to stop these provocations.
This year is the 100th anniversary of the first Republic of Armenia. How was the first republic proclaimed? Researcher journalist Tatul Hakobyan and historian Hamo Sukiasyan talk about it.
 

Expected and Forced State


According to the National Statistical Service, every third child in Armenia is poor. Non-governmental organizations surveying the sector report that child poverty is growing faster than overall poverty, and poverty in the early years hinders the development of the child's potential. Social and educational centers have been set up in our country for the social support of children and the development of their potential. Knarik Garanfilian, the founder of the Family and Community charitable NGO and Bishop Bagrat Galstanyan, the Primate of Tavush Diocese talk about these processes.
 

The Only War of Independent Neighbors


From the very start of the proclamation of the first Republic of Armenia, Armenia had serious problems with its neighbors, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Months after the proclamation of the Republic of Armenia, in December of 1918, a number of political and economic disagreements and border recoils ultimately led to a military conflict between Armenia and Georgia. Armenians in Tiflis and elsewhere were massively arrested and subjected to violence. Diplomatic mission officers were exiled from Tiflis. The two-week war unmasked the deep contradictions of the Armenian-Georgian relations. Historians Hamo Sukiasyan and Hovik Grigoryan talk about the causes of the Georgian-Armenian conflict of the beginning of the 20th century.
 

Optimizing Primary Schools


Arayik Harutyunyan, the Chairman of the Investigative Committee established to investigate cases of illegal fund raising in primary schools, revealing physical and psychological violence against children and elimination of vicious practices in pre-school institutions, presents the results of the studies and points out the steps to be taken for the upcoming years. Psychologist Armine Vanyan analyzes the impact of these practices on psychology of pre-school children.

Postgraduate Education at Gevorgian Seminary


The Gevorkian Theological Seminary is transitioning to a three-level education system. Is the Seminary ready to provide quality postgraduate education? How shall it ensure the standards of postgraduate education? Rev. Fr. Garegin Hambardzumyan, Inspector of the Gevorgyan Theological Seminary, and Deacon Hrach Sargsyan, Head of the Department of Biblical and Confessional Studies, talk about this in the pavilion of the "Option" TV series. 
 

Children’s Right to Privacy


Psychologist Hrachya Amiryan and Aida Muradyan from World Vision Armenia, Child Protection Program Director, discuss the implications of the statutory provisions on the protection and immunity of children’s privacy; violation of children’s dignity and its impact on emotional life; public discourse of family life.  

Conflict Transformation through Negotiations


With the partnership between the Armenia Inter-Church Charitable Round Table Foundation, Armenian-Russian University of Armenia and "Foundation against the Violation of Law" NGO, the subject “Conflict Transformation through Negotiations” was introduced in the University. The subject is taught for three years now. The objective is to develop students’ negotiation and communication skills, critical thinking, objective argument perception and building. How efficient was the study of the subject, how did the the students’ understanding on transforming or solving regional conflicts change? The topic is discussed by Larisa Alaverdyan, the Director of Law and Politics Institute of the Armenian-Russian University, Lilit Haroyan –postgraduate student of the Chair of International Relations and Global Politics and graduate student Ruben Zakharyan. 
 

Old Sects in New Waves


The legal heritage of the 8th century Catholicos Hovhan Odznetsi is considered to be the basis of Mkhitar Gosh and Smbat Gundstabl Datastanagirk (The Lawcode). "The Code of Conduct for Armenians" regulated social, legal, civil relations, contained instructions for fighting sectarian movements. The opponency he wrote against religious movements revealed the essence of the ideological struggle of the backsliders of the time. Experts, according to this literature, identify the ideas of old sects in contemporary religious trends. Odznetsi's literature also sheds light on the events of this history-wise scarce period.
Azat Bozoyan, Head of the Oriental Studies and Historiography Department at the Institute of Oriental Studies, and Chair of the Dialogue NGO Almast Muradyan speak at the pavilion of “Option”.