Ways of Coping with the State of Being Social Orphan


 Around 80 percent of the children in Armenian orphanages and other care institutions appear in those institutions as a result of tough social conditions. Professional term is “social orphanness”. The poverty doesn’t seem to reduce, yet the large centralized care centers for children seem to be unloaded. Where do these children go; what conditions and social infrastructures have been created to implement this process of unloading? 
Yelena Harutyunyan, foster care specialist of Child Support Center, FAR, and Knarik Garanfilian –Founding Chairwoman of “Family and Community” Charity NGO discuss the topic.
 

State Symbols in the Revolutionary Environment


During the days of the movement “Take a Step”, the state symbols served as important components of civic activism. The faces, clothes and cars were colored with the colors of national flag. Are the state symbols only just a distinctive mark, or they do undergo a thorough revaluation? Ethnographer Arsen Hakobyan and sociologist Artur Atanesyan talk about these issues.

The Society Educated in the Square


The movement “Take a Step” opened such a field of citizen self- and education in diverse platforms of mass gatherings, which would be the subject of the envy by any educational institution. The society is getting matured politically, culturally, ethically and morally hour by hour. Where did these changes get originated?

Issues of Adopting and Foster Families


What kind of social services are provided to alternative care providers - adoptive parents, guardian and foster families in Armenia? What are these families expecting most? What issues does the differentiated approach to these families bring about, what kind of difficulties do they face as a result of the lack of registration? Sociologists Mira Antonyan and Knarik Garanfilian represent the study of the Child Protection Network and the Foster Parents Association.

Church-State: Smooth and Wrinkled Relations


On April 4, 1918, Bishop Gevorg Chorekchyan informed the Catholicos of All Armenians Gevorg Surenyants about the details of his meeting with General Nazarbaev. The general told the bishop that only 4,000 out of the 16,000 soldiers remained. 12,000 had fled and the duty to send them back to the frontline then rested on the shoulders of the Armenian clergy, women and the media. How did church-state relations proceed with the formation of the first Republic of Armenia? How were the roles and functions of the new independent state allocated?

The Conviction of Illiteracy and Education Development Program


According to international experts, if Armenia does not invest in education in the coming years, the country will face 50% illiteracy in 2030. Local experts and researchers believe that our country lacks any idea about the problems of education, nor the effectiveness of educational expenditures, while the draft law "On the State Education Program till 2030" was presented for the public discussion. Does the draft law reflect sectoral issues and meet the needs? 
Discussion by education expert Serob Khachatryan and "National Center for Public Policy Research" NGO Artak Manukyan.

Neither de jure, nor de facto


Gender-based discrimination problem in Armenia refers more to women, than men, experts say. The Law on Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men does not have the capacity to effectively use gender-based discrimination and is more of a declarative nature. Narine Alexanyan, candidate of jurisprudence and Gohar Shahnazaryan, Head of the Center for Gender Studies and Leadership, sociologist, discuss the topic. 

Psychological and Spiritual Assistance to Gambler


According to the NSS, the amount of gambling activities in Armenia is about $ 550 million annually. And Armenian bookmakers take bets for around 16 billion drams a month. And this is the case when official data evidence 30% poverty in Armenia. According to statistical data, up to 7 percent of gambling-affected people have pathological tendency to gambling, and about 60 percent of those are also inclined to law breaking. 20% of pathological gamblers experience a real suicide attempt. In many countries, casinos are banned, while others introduce anti-gambling programs, create services. Even the consequences of the popularity and availability of gambling business are not assessed in Armenia. 

Science Sponsered


In terms of state funding allocated to science, Armenia occupies the last spot in the region. As per the Government 2018-2020 mid-term expenditure program, state financing of science will be reduced again. Under these circumstances, those engaged in science try to cover financial issues with the help of various grant program. The National Fund for Science and Education of the Armenian Relief Fund, operating under the auspices of the US Eastern Diocese of the Armenian Church, has been providing grants to Armenian scholars for the last 18 years. What does the fund's work in the Armenian scientific environment change?

The Laws and Economy of the First Republic


The first Republic of Armenia was a parliamentary democratic state, which following its establishmend, created state government bodies at the cost of big efforts, tried to get the country out of chaos and anarchy, solve hunger and refugee issues, set up financial and economic structures, educational and cultural centers. The leaders of the First Republic worked hard to bring Armenian businessmen and intellectuals working abroad to Armenia, who wanted to enjoy independent Armenia from outside as then Prime Minister Simon Vratsyan thought. In the two and a half years of the existence of the Republic, what did the government of time create, which, according to Commissar Haskel, was a short-sighted government of teachers?

Expected and Forced State


In the winter of that year, tens of thousands of people died of starvation and disease, and dozens of factories were opened months later, with a number of vital infrastructures, cultural institutions, universities and the State Museum. Even the national currency was established. Inside the country, non-Armenian population constantly incited new provocations against the state. The Armenian army was able to stop these provocations.
This year is the 100th anniversary of the first Republic of Armenia. How was the first republic proclaimed? Researcher journalist Tatul Hakobyan and historian Hamo Sukiasyan talk about it.
 

Expected and Forced State


According to the National Statistical Service, every third child in Armenia is poor. Non-governmental organizations surveying the sector report that child poverty is growing faster than overall poverty, and poverty in the early years hinders the development of the child's potential. Social and educational centers have been set up in our country for the social support of children and the development of their potential. Knarik Garanfilian, the founder of the Family and Community charitable NGO and Bishop Bagrat Galstanyan, the Primate of Tavush Diocese talk about these processes.